German Oak

The History of Oak

Oaks (Quercus) are a plant genus of the Beech family. The German name is related to the Latin word esca for food, suggesting that in the past, oak fruit had great importance for the keeping of pigs.

The genus includes between 400 to 600 species. Of these species, up to 450 are in the subgenus Quercus and up to 150 are in the subgenus Cyclobalanopsis. The Roman author Quintus Ennius (239-169 B.C.) recognized 'quercus' as the earliest literary evidence for the Latin name of the tree.

Characteristics of Oak

Scientific Name

Quercus robur

German Name

Eiche

Alternative Names

Summer Oak

 

 

Family

Beech

(Fagaceae)

Genus

Quercus

Speices

robur

Other Forms/ Variations

Peduncle-Oak (Quercus robur 'Pectinata') (Quercus robur 'Pectinata')

Peduncle-Oak (Quercus robur 'Fastigiata') (Quercus robur 'Fastigiata')

Origin

native

Height

3-15-25

Fruit Type

Nut

Root System

Deep-rooted

Resistance to Frost

 –24°C to –28°C (-11.2°F to -18.4°F)

Value of Wood

1,2,3,5

Gender

unisex

monoicous/diocious

monoecious

Pollination

Cross-pollination

Wind-pollination

Leaf classifcation  

alternate

Leaf structure / form

simple, ovoid

Leaf edge

sinuate

Other characterisitics

Bay leaf edge